Wednesday, May 18, 2016

What is Botnets Complete information


A botnet or robot network is a group of computers running a computer appliion controlled and manipulated only by the owner or the software source. The botnet may refer to a legitimate network of several computers that share program processing amongst them.

Usually though, when people talk about botnets, they are talking about a group of computers infected with the malicious kind of robot software, the bots, which present a security thrt to the computer owner. Once the robot software (also known as malicious software or malware) has been successfully installed in a computer, this computer becomes a zombie or a drone, unable to resist the commands of the bot commander.

A botnet may be small or large depending on the complexity and sophistiion of the bots used. A large botnet may be composed of ten thousand individual zombies. A small botnet, on the other hand may be composed of only a thousand drones. Usually, the owners of the zombie computers do not know that their computers and their computers’ resources are being remotely controlled and ed by an individual or a group of malware runners through Internet Relay Chat (IRC)

There are various types of malicious bots that have alrdy infected and are continuing to infect the internet. Some bots have their own sprders – the script that lets them infect other computers (this is the rson why some people dub botnets as computer viruses) – while some smaller types of bots do not have such capabilities.

Different Types of Bots

Here is a list of the most used bots in the internet today, their ftures and command set.

XtremBot, Agobot, Forbot, Phatbot

These are currently the best known bots with more than 500 versions in the internet today. The bot is written using C++ with cross platform capabilities as a compiler and GPL as the source . These bots can range from the fairly simple to highly abstract module-based designs. The Tut Is Provided By Cyber Elite. Because of its modular approach, adding commands or scanners to incrse its efficiency in taking advantage of vulnerabilities is fairly sy. It can use libpcap packet sniffing library, NTFS ADS and PCRE. Agobot is quite distinct in that it is the only bot that makes use of other control protocols besides IRC.

UrXBot, SDBot, UrBot and RBot

Like the previous type of bot, these bots are published under GPL, but unlike the above mentioned bots these bots are less abstract in design and written in rudimentary C compiler language. Although its implementation is less varied and its design less sohistied, these type of bots are well known and widely used in the internet.

GT-Bots and mIRC based bots

These bots have many versions in the internet mainly because mIRC is one of the most used IRC client for . GT stands for global thrt and is the common name for bots scripted using mIRC. GT-bots make use of the mIRC chat client to launch a set of binaries (mainly DLLs) and scripts; their scripts often have the file extensions .mrc.
Malicious Uses of Botnets

Types Of Botnet Attack

Denial of Service Attacks

A botnet can be used as a distributed denial of service wpon. A botnet attacks a network or a computer system for the purpose of disrupting service through the loss of connectivity or consumption of the victim network’s bandwidth and overloading of the resources of the victim’s computer system. Botnet attacks are also used to damage or take down a competitor’s website.

Fast flux is a DNS technique used by botnets to hide phishing and malware delivery sites behind an ever-changing network of compromised hosts acting as proxies.
Any Internet service can be a target by botnets. This can be done through flooding the website with recursive HTTP or bulletin-board srch queries. This mode of attack in which higher level protocols are utilized to incrse the effects of an attack is also termed as spidering.


Its a software which sends information to its crtors about a user's activities – typically s, credit card s and other information that can be sold on the black market. Compromised machines that are loed within a corporate network can be worth more to the bot herder, as they can often gain access to confidential information held within that company. There have been several targeted attacks on large corporations with the aim of stling sensitive information, one such example is the Aurora botnet.


Its exists to advertise some commercial entity actively and without the user's permission or awareness, for example by replacing banner ads on web pages with those of another content provider.

Spamming and Traffic Monitoring

A botnet can also be used to take advantage of an infected computer’s TCP/IP’s SOCKS proxy protocol for networking appiions. After compromising a computer, the botnet commander can use the infected unit (a zombie) in conjunction with other zombies in his botnet (robot network) to harvest email addresses or to send massive amounts of spam or phishing mails.

Moreover, a bot can also function as a packet sniffer to find and intercept sensitive data passing through an infected machine. Typical data that these bots look out for are usernames and s which the botnet commander can use for his personal gain. Data about a competitor botnet installed in the same unit is also mined so the botnet commander can hijack this other botnet.

Access replacements are where the botnet operator replaces the access s of a group of dial-up bots to that of a victim's phone .The Tut Is Provided By Cyber Elite. Given enough bots partake in this attack, the victim is consistently bombarded with phone calls attempting to connect to the internet. Having very little to defend against this attack, most are forced into changing their phone s (land line, cell phone, etc.).

logging and Mass Identity Theft

An encryption software within the victims’ units can deter most bots from harvesting any rl information. Unfortunately, some bots have adapted to this by installing a logger program in the infected machines. With a logger program, the bot owner can use a filtering program to gather only the sequence typed before or after interesting words like PayPal or Yahoo mail. This is one of the rsons behind the massive PayPal accounts theft for the past several yrs.

Bots can also be used as ats for mass identity theft. It does this through phishing or pretending to be a legitimate company in order to convince the user to submit personal information and s. A link in these phishing mails can also ld to fake PayPal, eBay or other websites to trick the user into typing in the username and .

Botnet Sprd

Botnets can also be used to sprd other botnets in the network. It does this by convincing the user to download after which the program is executed through FTP, HTTP or email.

Pay-Per-Click Systems Abuse

Botnets can be used for financial gain by automating clicks on a pay-per-click system. Compromised units can be used to click automatically on a site upon of a browser. For this rson, botnets are also used to rn money from Google’s Adsense and other affiliate programs by using zombies to artificially incrse the click counter of an advertisement.

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